Map of Ethiopian Highlands Click on red triangle icons for links to other ranges. Asked by Wiki User. The lower portion of the Harenna Forest is a distinct woodland community, with an open canopy of Warburgia ugandensis, Croton macrostachyus, and Syzygium guineense, and Afrocarpus gracilior, with wild coffee (Coffea arabica) as the dominant understory shrub. The highlands themselves are divided into three distinct ecoregions, distinguished by elevation. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500m, while the summits reach heights of up to 4550m. Both cities are Ethiopia’s holiest. UNESCO identifies 11 churches in Lalibela and was declared as a world heritage site back in 1978. High up in the remote highlands of Ethiopia roams a hunter so rare that to get even a glimpse of it is considered to be a privilege. This article represents some of the top places to visit in Ethiopia on the African continent. It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa due to its height and large area. Rather, the core of present-day Ethiopia, and its historic predecessors, has always been the Ethiopian Highlands. The Ethiopian Highlands were eventually bisected by the Great Rift Valley as the African continental crust pulled apart. The predominant climate of the Ethiopian Highlands is the Alpine climate. Its summit, Ras Dashen (4,550 m), is the highest peak in Ethiopia. Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative. Most of the country's major cities are located at elevations of around 2,000–2,500 m (6,600–8,200 ft) above sea level, including historic capitals such as Gondar and Axum. Ethiopia is often referred to as the “water tower” of Africa because of its abundant water resources, the greatest in the whole of Africa. Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. The large protected area of fertile lands and major rivers became the seat of a power that would hold sway in its nearby region and beyond the continent. Dallol – Hottest Inhabited Place on Earth, Motlatse Canyon – World’s largest green canyon, Wrangel Island Russia: Home for the Last Mammoth, Cascada Bigar in romania: Most beautiful waterfall, Habitat of Komodo Dragon: Facts about Komodo Island in Indonesia, What to see in Georgia and Armenia in the Caucasus Region. Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, also lies in the northwestern portion of the Ethiopian Highlands. Coordinates: 12°32′00″N 41°23′8″E / 12.53333°N 41.38556°E / 12.53333; 41.38556, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWeinbergBealer2001 (, An explanation of this unusual rain pattern can be found at, Learn how and when to remove this template message, January 2005: The Ethiopian Large Igneous Province, Ethiopia: Drought intensifies during corn and sorghum harvest, http://worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/at0112, "Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands", List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethiopian_Highlands&oldid=988707409, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 20:05. The Ethiopian Highlands are the largest continuous mountain ranges in Africa, and the Sof Omar Caves contains the largest cave on the continent. Ethiopia is the only African country never to have been colonize which indeed is caused by the inhospitable terrain. The interior part of Ethiopia is covered by the Ethiopian Highlands and continues further north into Eritrea. Fauna at these elevations includes the endemic Harwood's spurfowl (Pternistis harwoodi), Prince Ruspoli's turaco (Tauraco ruspolii) and yellow-throated seedeater (Serinus flavigula)[7]. It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa due to its height and large area. The Ethiopian Highlands began to rise 75 million years ago[citation needed], as magma from the Earth's mantle uplifted a broad dome of the ancient rocks of the Arabian-Nubian Shield. The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in the Horn region in northeast Africa. They consist of the rugged Western Highlands and the more limited Eastern Highlands. Little wonder then that the Ethiopian Highlands are often called The Roof of Africa. The two sections are separated by the vast Eastern Rift Valley, which cuts across Ethiopia from southwest to northeast. However these hillsides have good fertile soil and are heavily populated, largely by farming communities, so most of the region has been converted to agriculture with a few areas of natural vegetation remaining. [1] Most of the Ethiopian Highlands are part of central and northern Ethiopia, and its northernmost portion reaches into Eritrea. About 25 percent of the world’s degraded land is located in Africa ([58]; [56]). It forms the largest continuous area of its altitude in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500 m (4,921 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4550 m (14,928 ft). 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