The primary goal of social workers is exemplary public service through helping needy people address, manage and resolve various social problems. If a White supremacist group is advocating racial profiling, why should social workers have an ethical responsibility to use respectful language to advocate against this group? Would it be disrespectful, for instance, to label the candidate’s supporters “a basket full of deplorables”? Opinions expressed on this site are the opinions of the writer and do not necessarily represent the views of the publisher. Advocacy refers to strategies used to influence others for the benefit of a particular client or cause. Social workers elevate the needs of others above their personal interests and use all resources available to them tâ¦ Social workers value respect, and they also value social justice and freedom of speech. NASWdc.org Payne, Malcolm, (1997). Social workers are often the whistle blowers who stick their neck out when ethical behavior is occurring. Code of Ethics NASW 1996. Social work ethics and values related to diversity, oppression and social justice, nd NASW Standards for Cultural Competence in Social Work Practice. Values underpinning ethical practice Like all other professions, community work is shaped by a code of ethics and a set of values that guide the qualified practitioner. Questions to be considered include: Professional associations should also do their part to support social workers, allowing them discretion to determine the best ways to advocate, while also promoting the ideals of the profession—including respect, honesty, and social justice. (n.d.). These are the values that should guide the decision making and actions of Social Workers, particularly should an ethical issue arise. What appears simply angry to some may be perceived as just and appropriate to others. In many situations, social workers can effectively advocate for social justice in a very respectful manner. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/cocksnotglocks. Social workers often volunteer their time â in addition to their paid services â with no expectation for financial reward. Explain how social work ethical values relate to advocacy. Deontologists such as Emmanuel Kant (1964) would argue that respect is a categorical imperative; that is, being respectful is always a good thing. In practice, however, social workers may decide to use language that may be perceived as offensive to some (or many) in order to pursue their just causes. Being culturally competent and having cross cultural awareness is an ongoing process. Consider a social worker who is unhappy with a particular presidential candidate, believing this candidate is bigoted and, if elected, would impose racist policies on vulnerable minorities. Having an acute awareness of ethical principles and how these sit alongside the personal and professional value base is an important asset as a social worker. To Record or Not To Record: The Ethics of Documentation, Ethics Alive - Gifts From Clients: The Good, the Bad, and the Ethically Ugly, by Allan Barsky, Ph.D., J.D., MSW, and Laura Groshong, LICSW. What good is it to be “nice and respectful,” if doing so does nothing to rectify poverty, discrimination, unemployment, violence, and other social problems? Would it be ethical for this social worker to participate in an online smear campaign to ensure this candidate is not elected? Choosing the name “Black Lives Matter” was meant to stir emotions and to cause people some level of discomfort. Social Work Leadership and Advocacy â The Moral Imperative By Frederic G. Reamer, PhD Social Work Today Vol. In a civil society, demonstrating respect is rationally necessary. Retrieved from http://blacklivesmatter.com/herstory, Blow, C. M. (2016, September 12). When I do speaking engagements on the social work profession I often discuss the unique ethical and advocacy consciousness exhibited by social workers. Service is the value from which all other social work values stem. Service (Ethical principle: Help people in need and address social problems) The primary goal of this profession is addressing societal issues and helping communities as well as individuals. An introduction to the principles of morals and legislation. Ultimately, no professional social work association can prescribe exactly which words, which forms of protests, and which expressions of persuasion are ethical or unethical. Deontologists would say “no.” We should not use people as a means to an end, and we should therefore act with respect regardless of the outcome of the particular election. Allan Barsky, Ph.D., J.D., MSW, is Professor of Social Work at Florida Atlantic University and author of Social Work Values and Ethics (Oxford University Press). The Code of Ethicsstates the values and ethical principles on which the profession is based. Describe potential risks that you considered or that may exist for a social worker who serves as an advocate. These proposed changes are based upon the new technology components of the NASW WI Code of Ethics. Retrieved from http://www.laits.utexas.edu/poltheory/bentham/ipml/ipml.c01.html, Black Lives Matter. Colleagues. For social workers, it is also important to consider respect in relation to the type of work they are doing. The first Section, "Preamble," summarizes the social work profession's mission and core values. We also ask you to consider who gets to determine what constitutes respectful language—the advocate, the people intended to be persuaded, the general public, vulnerable minorities, or the social work profession? As we reflect upon this attribute of social work practitioners as leaders in advocacy and ethical practice at agencies and in the community, we can be very proud of our profession. The Core Values of Social Workers. Allan Barsky, Ph.D., J.D., MSW, is Professor of Social Work at Florida Atlantic University and author of Social Work Values and Ethics (Oxford University Press). And who gets to decide what is discriminatory? According to nonviolence principles (or “ahimsa”), advocates may be assertive and strong, but they should also be compassionate and respectful. The NASW states that âthe mission of the social work profession is rooted in a set of core valuesâ (NASW, 2017). Interestingly, Standard 6.04—the standard that describes social workers’ obligation to participate in social and political action—is silent on the issue of using respectful language. The ideal may be to demonstrate respect and advocate effectively at the same time. Social workers must always elevate public service above self-interest and personal gain. In some instances, there is a fine line that separates being provocative out of anger from being provocative to make a point. (1964). The core values are: 1. The NASW Code of Ethics is intended to serve as a guide to the everyday professional conduct of social workers. The theory of social responsibility is built on a system of ethics, in which decisions and actions must be ethically validated before proceeding. The campus is located in a politically conservative state where many people believe the constitutional right to bear arms is absolute and indisputable. I also see students grow in their commitment to advocacy as a result of social work training. Social workers play an important role in helping the poor and working to eradicate poverty. Our values and conscience will not allow us to do anything else. Social workers regularly elevate the needs of others above their own personal interests and use their skills and knowledge (from education and experience) to help people. Social workers often volunteer their professional skills through community organizations freâ¦ email@example.com . Learn more about how ethics and values are an important guiding force for your practice. Social workers should consider ethical theory and principles generally, social work theory and research, laws, regulations, agency policies, and other relevant codes of ethics, recognizing that among codes of ethics social workers should consider the NASW Code of Ethics as their primary source. Explain how the concepts from this weekâs resources apply to the act of advocacy in which you engaged. Discuss the trends in the institution of religion within the context of globalization and conflict theory. A group calling itself Cocks Not Glocks (n.d.) decided to protest by distributing 5,000 dildos for students to carry around campus. Gandhi and the heritage of enlightenment: Non-violence, secularism and conflict resolution. By Day 6 Respond to two of your colleagues: Explain how social work ethical values relate to advocacy. Laura Groshong, LICSW, is Director of Policy and Practice for the Clinical Social Work Association, a social worker in private practice, and a registered lobbyist in Washington state. Explain and discuss the argument between Marx and Weber in terms of social equality. This Code includes four sections. community work practice occurs. Values and ethics help to distinguish social work from other professions and provide a basis for accountability. NASW WI’s proposed revisions to MPSW 20 were developed by Dr. Nick Smiar with feedback from our other ethics presenters. These roles played by so many social workers are not easy and don’t always make us popular but we do it because we know it is the right thing to do. Ethical decisions rely on a strong understanding of the codes that guide the profession, on practitioner selfâawareness and on the use of thoughtful, thorough frameworks for weighing choices when dilemmas or conflicts arise. Social workers will also challenge their fellow staff to upgrade their ethical behavior. Interpretation A social worker in child welfare shall The British Association of Social Workers is the professional association for social workers in the United Kingdom (UK). Standard 1. (1823). 131 W. Wilson, Ste 903 . Madison, WI 53703 . Then we decided to delve into psychology literature on Ethics and Social Justice, and the APA Ethical Guidelines. For the community worker, a commitment to social inclusion and social justice is â¦ If we let those in power decide what is respectful or not, aren’t we reinforcing the status quo of racism? Addressing social ills and helping others is a primary goal of all social workers. (See Blow, 2016.) The Association has a duty to ensure as far as possible that its members discharge their ethical obligations and are afforded the professional rights necessary for the safeguarding and promotion of the rights of peoplâ¦ Code of Ethics. Consider a social worker meeting with a senator to advocate for a particular change in mental health laws. Describe potential risks that you considered or that may exist for a social worker who serves as an advocate. Respect in the Social Work Code of Ethics is under the ethical responsibilities to colleagues, but it should also be under the way clients should be treated. (2008). Social work advocacy is âthe exclusive and mutual representation of a client(s) or a cause in a forum, attempting to systematically influence decision-making in an unjust or unresponsive system(s).â Advocacy was identified as a professional role as far back as 1887, and social workers consider client advocacy an ethical responsibility. The social worker must make sure that when he or she is acting of behalf of a client that the clientâs interests and rights are safe guarded. It fits with the Golden Rule, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” According to Kant, respect is a principle that should be followed regardless of the situation and potential consequences. Compentency is also important as social workers must attend to their own perspectives about their own cultural identity and how the client may view us. They should not act out of anger or hate (Fernée, 2014). According to the NASW Code of Ethics, there are 6 core values that are fundamental to the mission of Social Workers. Please contact the publisher for permission to reproduce or reprint any materials on this site. Alinsky, S. (1971). On the other hand, teleologists believe that consequences are important and the end does justify the means (Bentham, 1823). Social workers serving clients in the criminal justice system, including offenders and their families, are criminal justice social workers or forensic social workers. They reflect the exponential changes in technology and the use of social media since the state conduct code was completed around 1995. It is argued that social work education must expand beyond teaching cultural competence to 18 No. Rather than having professional associations imposing their decisions, individual social workers, small groups of social workers, and social work organizations should think critically about their choices, using the ethical principles in the Code of Ethics as a guide. Advocacy That social work is a form of advocacy is signalled by the term client, which is Latin and means charge or protégé. Whereas social workers demonstrate respect to individual clients by honoring their right to self-determination and avoid imposing their values and beliefs, advocacy often involves persuasion and trying to change the beliefs and behaviors of others. Human rights and social and economic justice are at the heart of the social work profession. Staff Login. Copyright 2007-2020 National Association of Social Workers - Wisconsin Chapter. The views expressed in this article do not necessarily represent the views of any of the organizations to which the authors are affiliated, or the views of The New Social Worker magazine or White Hat Communications. Isn’t it more important to confront racism and promote social justice than to pander to bigotry and forego the most effective forms of advocacy, even if the messaging may be distasteful to some? Radical social advocates such as Saul Alinsky (1971) have long believed that being nice and respectful allows the status quo to continue. Toll-free in Wisconsin (866) 462-7994 National Association of Social Workers (NASW). Today, few people would contend that the march was based on anger, yet many people at the time perceived it that way. Ethics Alive! Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/12/opinion/about-the-basket-of-deplorables.html?_r=0, Cocks Not Glocks. Respect is a core social work value, permeating all aspects of practice. Framework for practice with diverse and oppressed clients: Appleby pp 1-14. In terms of our work to promote ethical practice, elsewhere in the newsletter you will see an article on NASW WI’s proposed revisions to MPSW 20, the state conduct code. Discuss which perspective is most consistent with social work values and ethics. Why don’t the lives of Whites and police also matter? In this article, we explore the nature of respect in the context of social work advocacy. or some, advocacy might conjure images of speaking at a congressional hearing or soliciting petition signatures at library entrances. Ethics Alive! The creation of a movement. (Originally published 1785). In terms of advocacy our Code of Ethics has had the Advocacy Section 6.0 since 1996, which requires that social workers engage in social and political action, prevent and eliminate discrimination and generally promote the general welfare of society. In this context, the social worker may be more persuasive with the senator by demonstrating unconditional regard, genuineness, and empathic understanding, rather than by being disrespectful and uncaring. Social workers are usually the staff at an agency who speak up to challenge agency policies and procedures that are harmful to clients. All material published on this website Copyright 1994-2020 White Hat Communications. But is the term disrespectful or discriminatory? Another example of a program to combat racism within academia and beyond is the Black Men at Penn School of Social Work, Inc., composed of African Americans who have had a relationship with the school from the 1950s to the present. As we explore what respect means in the context of social work advocacy, we ask you to consider whether it is ever ethically justifiable to use disrespectful language and strategies to advocate for just causes. Sitemap . It is helpful in understanding the circumstances and social issues from a clientâs perspective. Facebook profile. On one hand, does it not seem obvious that social workers should be respectful in all their communications, whether for advocacy or otherwise? - Respect the values, opinions, and responsibilities of other health care professional that may be different from your own. Where does this willingness to stick one’s neck out and serve as an advocate, agency conscience and if necessary whistle blower come from? Explain how the concepts from this weekâs resources apply to the act of advocacy in which you engaged. In contemporary language the expression is ... closely related and others. Bentham, J. The protest garnered local and national attention to the issue of campus safety. In terms of the continuing education requirement I have definitely seen a huge impact of the ethics requirement in terms of members calling me about ethical dilemmas. Social Workers' Roles in Helping the Poor. This section was a logical edition to our Code of Ethics considering the origins of our profession with Jane Addams and the Settlement House movement and the history of our profession in shaping public policies. In contrast, consider a protest of Texas’s campus carry laws allowing people to carry concealed handguns on college campuses. Washington, DC: Author. Groundwork of the metaphysic of morals. Respect in Social Work Advocacy. Time will tell if this provocative action will lead to a productive discussion and resolution of the conflict between those who value the right to openly carry a weapon and those who believe this promotes an unsafe environment. Social workers should consider ethical theory and principles generally, social work theory and research, laws, regulations, agency policies, and other relevant codes of ethics, recognizing that among codes of ethics social workers should consider the NASW Code of Ethics as their primary source. Still, social workers should consider the impact of their language—not just on whether it promotes their social causes, but also how it reflects on the profession and how it may have a broader impact on society. As noted, expressions that are considered respectful and appropriate to some may be considered disrespectful and inappropriate to others. social workers have been startlingly absent from this discussion and that social work education has left workers ill-equipped to engage in this reform, due to a lack of understanding of immigrant/immigration policies and a lack of advocacy training. Ethics and Values Social workers in child welfare shall demonstrate a commitment to the values and ethics of the social work profession and shall use NASWâs Code of Ethics as a guide to ethical decision making while understanding the unique aspects of child welfare practice. 2. Modern social work theory (2 edition) Anti- Fernée, T. (2014). Wisconsin Chapter-National Association of Social Workers . As a BSW and MSW adjunct instructor, I experience many of the students drawn to social work because of their passion to make the world better and improve client’s lives. In contrast to Alinsky’s radical approach, Mahatma Gandhi suggests, “In a gentle way, you can shake the world.” Gandhi and other advocates of nonviolence suggest that meaningful change cannot occur through the use of violence, including physical, emotional, or verbal violence. Kant, I. Is it because of the social work professional program, our continuing education and our Code of Ethics or is it because the individuals selecting social work already have that mindset? Laura Groshong, LICSW, is Director of Policy and Practice for the Clinical Social Work Association, a social worker in private practice, and a registered lobbyist in Washington state. Behaviors that may be viewed as respectful by one person or cultural group may be viewed as disrespectful by another. It motivates people, inspiring them to join the cause and work for change. All rights reserved. (n.d.). If the 4. They ask: Why do only Black lives matter? Although the use of disrespectful messaging in advocacy may lead to negative consequences for the candidate, the greater good is served by ensuring that the other candidate, who the social worker believes will promote social justice, is put into office. 3. We make our agencies and communities better places for everyone! Describe the advocacy in which you engaged this term. New York, NY: Harper-Collins. What social workers do is based on values, and social work ethics are social work values in action. Office phone (608) 257-6334 . Social workers have an obligation to conduct themselves and make decisions in accordance with our Code of Ethics.This includes working in â¦ In its statement of core ethical principles, the NASW Code of Ethics (2008) provides, “Social workers respect the inherent dignity and worth of the person.” Other standards suggest social workers should use respectful language regarding clients and colleagues. 1. I think it is probably a combination of both factors. Social workers use their skills and knowledge to help their clients through serious social problems, such as drug dependency, child abuse, residential instability and criminal behaviors. All Rights Reserved. About the “basket of deplorables.” New York Times. Social worker 2. The principle of demonstrating respect implies a moral duty to be friendly, deferential, accepting, tolerant, or civil. Consider Black Lives Matter (n.d.), a current social movement designed to confront systemic racism in the criminal justice system and to stop the indiscriminate killing of Black people by law enforcement. To say the least, there is ample work that has been done on this topic. Social workers may also face legal and ethical issues when interacting with other professionals. Openly carrying dildos made many people feel uncomfortable. In terms of advocacy our Code of Ethics has had the Advocacy Section 6.0 since 1996, which requires that social workers engage in social and political action, prevent and eliminate discrimination and generally promote the general welfare of society. Explain how social work ethical values relate to advocacy. New York, NY: Vintage Press. International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie, 24(2), 309-324. Rules for radicals. Ethics rounds use hypothetical or real cases that focus on the ethical dimensions of client care rather than â¦ VALUES AND ETHICS - Apply social work ethical principles and value to guide professional practices. They are often the point person in the agency that does community organizing and development on behalf of the clients and issues affecting the clients. If using disrespectful language is the best way to ensure a “positive outcome” in the election, does the end justify the means? Critics of Black Lives Matter argue that the group’s name itself is exclusive and disrespectful. - Participate in or establish ethics rounds. According to this view, for disempowered and disadvantaged groups to have their concerns heard and acted upon, social advocates may need to use insults, harassment, and ridicule, treating opponents of their causes as enemies to be defeated. In the USA, social workers are guided by the National Association of Social Workersâ (NASW 2008) Code of Ethics, which states the mission of the profession that is âto enhance human well-being and help meet the basic human needs of all people, with particular attention to the needs and â¦ Yet, social workers engage in advocacy as an agent of social change in numerous ways: They may work with inmates, recently released ex-offenders, or people identified for targeted secondary prevention or intervention programs such as â¦ 2 P. 14. Consider the march to Selma led by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1965. Retrieved from http://www.naswdc.org. Further, don’t social workers have a right to freedom of speech, including the right to advocate strongly? Respect can mean different things to different people, at different times, and in different contexts.